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Question 1 of 1
The following paragraphs are extracts from an IELTS speaking test (Part 3). Complete the candidate’s response by adding a sentence from the right. Type the correct letters in the spaces provided. Use each letter only once.
A: then those in employment may need to pay higher taxes
B: eventually there will almost certainly be a situation in the future where the older people out number the young
C: more people would be likely to continue their studies after high school.
D: the country would suffer over the long term.
E: their earnings prospects are high.
F: they may become too self-centred and lose touch with the traditions of their culture.
G: they might find it easier to do more together as a family
H: the value of the degrees becomes meaningless.
I: if all of the older people had enough money to be self sufficient and take care of their own needs and expenses.
J: there could be negative economic repercussions
K: the disadvantage of not having a large number of brothers and sisters at home could be limited.
L: they often develop a sense of independence and self confidence that they may not have possessed before
EXAMINER: What do you think will be the effect of an aging population?
If the aging population increases significantly, 1.. For example, if a high proportion of the population is not of working age, 2.. This would be needed to support the health system and so on. However the problems would not be so serious 3.. Unfortunately, since the cost of living in most countries now is quite expensive, many people do not earn enough to save properly for their retirement, so I feel that there will be economic difficulties for a number of countries in the future.
EXAMINER: Do you think there are any advantages to an increase in numbers of older people?
On a social level, yes. I think it’s important for young people to be able to have contact with older members of their family. Older people can help to keep traditions alive and remind younger people about important aspects of life like being polite and how fortunate they are in their lives in comparison to the way people used to live in the past. Unless young people are able to learn from older people, 4.
EXAMINER: What are the advantages and disadvantages of people having smaller families?
First I’ll talk about the advantages. Having fewer children means that families may have more time to invest in the children they do have, and should also find it easier to financially support them through education etc. If families are smaller, 5.; going on holidays and spending quality time together, for example, than if there are a number of children to support, buy clothes for and feed. On the other hand, an only child might not get to interact with other children enough and so might miss out on learning important skills in life like considering others and how to get along with their peers. However, provided that children have the opportunity to interact with others of the same age group, for example at nursery school, 6.. On a national level, if the trend of having smaller families is very strong in a country, 7.; this could cause problems with the economy and available workforce.
EXAMINER: How can we get more students to go to university?
Well the main barrier to a higher education is cost for many people, so Governments could offer subsidies in areas of job shortage to encourage students into those areas; nursing or teaching for example. If the financial burden of studying for an extended period at university was removed, 8.. However I don’t think that it is a good idea to encourage more people into higher education by reducing the standard of the courses. Some people think that in some places degrees are being made easier, so that more people are capable of studying at university; I think that in the long term, this would have a negative affect. If degree courses are made easier to encourage more people to study them, 9.. Many people are skilled or talented in areas other than academia and should instead be supported in training in those areas. If there were too many university graduates and not enough skilled manual workers, 10.
EXAMINER: What are the advantages of a university education?
Firstly, graduates are often able to earn higher salaries than other people over the long term; though this varies quite significantly depending on what field of work they go in to; if graduates go in to the field of medicine, law or business, 11.. On an academic level, a university education allows students to study a subject in depth and develop an understanding of academic principles. Also, going to university allows people to develop on personal level. If students go to university away from their own town or country, 12.
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