The table below shows the forms and uses of the third and a mixed conditional. Read the information given and then move on to the questions on the next page.
To speculate about a possibility in the past which did not actually occur
(often used to talk about regret)
|If + past perfect… + would have + past participle||If it had always been compulsory to wear seatbelts, many more victims of car accidents would have survived.|
|To link a past action with a present result|
(This is a mixture of a 3rd and 2nd conditional)
|If + past perfect… + would + base verb||If the Government had introduced environmental protection laws sooner, air pollution levels would be lower.|
*N.B. other types of mixed conditional are also possible