Describing trends in Task 1 Academic reports. In Task 1 of the IELTS test, you may be required to write about a graph or a chart, identifying trends. A trend is the general direction of movement in a graph.
Here are some simple examples:
|This is an upward trend|
|This is a stable trend|
|This is a downward trend|
For an upward trend, you can use the following vocabulary: to increase, an increase, a rise, to climb, to recover, to improve. For a downward trend you can use these words: to decrease, a fall, to plunge, to decline, to deteriorate, a drop. You may also need to describe a situation that is neither upward nor downward. In this situation you could use the following: to level off, to remain steady, a plateau, a stable trend.
It is important to note whether the vocabulary you are using is a trend verb or a trend noun as this will help you build accurate sentences. For example, to increase can become an increase. Here’s a handy table of trend nouns and trend verbs:
When describing trends in Task 1 Academic reports, you need to do more than just describe the direction of the trend – you will also need to describe the speed and amount of change in the trend. In each of these illustrations, you can see that there was a downward trend:
However, the speed and amount of this decrease is different for each one. These are the adjectives which help show speed and amount of change:
In the first illustration, you can describe the trend as a moderate or steady decrease.
For the second illustration downward trend, the decrease was slight, gradual or marginal.
For the final illustration, you can describe the trend as a rapid, sharp, significant, dramatic or abrupt decrease.
Depending on how you construct your sentence, you can also use the following adverbs:
- moderately, steadily
- slightly, gradually, marginally
- rapidly, sharply, significantly, dramatically, abruptly