Describing trends in Task 1 Academic reports. In Task 1 of the IELTS test, you may be required to write about a graph or a chart, identifying trends. A trend is the general direction of movement in a graph.
Here are some simple examples:
|This is an upward trend|
|This is a stable trend|
|This is a downward trend|
For an upward trend, you can use the following vocabulary: to increase, an increase, a rise, to climb, to recover, to improve. For a downward trend you can use these words: to decrease, a fall, to plunge, to decline, to deteriorate, a drop. You may also need to describe a situation that is neither upward nor downward. In this situation you could use the following: to level off, to remain steady, a plateau, a stable trend.
It is important to note whether the vocabulary you are using is a trend verb or a trend noun as this will help you build accurate sentences. For example, to increase can become an increase. Here’s a handy table of trend nouns and trend verbs:
When describing trends in Task 1 Academic reports, you need to do more than just describe the direction of the trend – you will also need to describe the speed and amount of change in the trend. In each of these illustrations, you can see that there was a downward trend:
However, the speed and amount of this decrease is different for each one. These are the adjectives which help show speed and amount of change:
In the first illustration, you can describe the trend as a moderate or steady decrease.
For the second illustration downward trend, the decrease was slight, gradual or marginal.
For the final illustration, you can describe the trend as a rapid, sharp, significant, dramatic or abrupt decrease.
Depending on how you construct your sentence, you can also use the following adverbs:
- moderately, steadily
- slightly, gradually, marginally
- rapidly, sharply, significantly, dramatically, abruptly
Want learn more? We have much more information on our IELTStestONLINE, where you can get your writing assessed, have live speaking practice sessions and get access to MUCH more information and practice resources.