People involved in the law

The following vocabulary is useful for understanding and discussing the people involved.

  • Judge – the person responsible for deciding the punishment for a guilty person
  • Defendant – the person in a trial who has been accused of a crime
  • Prosecution – the people who are trying to prove that the defendant is guilty
  • Jury – 12 people who attend a trial and then decide whether the accused person is innocent or guilty.
  • Witness – people that are brought into a trial to give evidence (this can be for the defendant, against the defendant or simply to give factual evidence)
  • Attorney / barrister – these are law professionals that will often be present in court, either defending or prosecuting a case.

Create your free membership!

Want to get the best out of our free site? Create a free membership now so you can keep a track of what you have studied and what you have left to complete. You’ll also get notified when new resources are added!

Create your FREE membership now!