People involved in the law


The following vocabulary is useful for understanding and discussing the people involved.

  • Judge – the person responsible for deciding the punishment for a guilty person
  • Defendant – the person in a trial who has been accused of a crime
  • Prosecution – the people who are trying to prove that the defendant is guilty
  • Jury – 12 people who attend a trial and then decide whether the accused person is innocent or guilty.
  • Witness – people that are brought into a trial to give evidence (this can be for the defendant, against the defendant or simply to give factual evidence)
  • Attorney / barrister – these are law professionals that will often be present in court, either defending or prosecuting a case.

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