The following vocabulary is useful for understanding and discussing solutions to environmental problems.
Addressing environmental problems
- Recycling – converting waste into something that is reusable
- Conservation – to keep something safe / protected; preventing damage or injury
- Biodegradable – packaging or a product that decay (break down) naturally and harmlessly, therefore avoiding pollution
- Preservation – this is similar to conservation. The main difference is that conservation does allow changes that are not dangerous – preservation aims to maintain the present condition without changes.
- Sustainable development – economic development where natural resources are used in a limited way and can therefore continue (e.g. planting new trees after cutting down existing trees)
The people involved
- Activists – people who campaign for the environment / environmental protection (Greenpeace, for example)
- Conservationists – people who acts to protect the environment. NOTE: we do not use the word ‘preservationist’