The Common European Framework for Language (CEFR) is an international standard to measure your language skills. It can be applied to many different languages, but on this site we focus only on English.
The CEFR has 6 different levels – A1, A2, B1, B2, C1 and C2.
- The ‘A’ levels are for basic users – A1 is a beginner and A2 is elementary.
- The ‘B’ levels are for independent users – B1 is intermediate and B2 is upper intermediate.
- The ‘C’ levels are for proficient users – C1 is advanced, and C2 is proficiency.
You can take these tests to see your current CEFR levels:
What should I know to complete each CEFR level?
Here are the abilities you need to have in order to ‘complete’ a level (take a look at the individual pages for each level to see more detail).
CEFR Level A1:
- understand and use basic expressions
- introduce yourself and give / ask for personal details
- talk about basic familiar topics
CEFR Level A2:
- understand frequently used sentences in common situations like going shopping or work
- give and understand simple instructions
- talk about needs and wants
CEFR Level B1:
- talk about and understand conversations about family, education, employment and leisure related topics
- be able to communicate travel requirements
- write simple paragraphs about areas of personal interest
- describe and understand experiences, hopes, opinions and events in brief detail
CEFR Level B2:
- understand the main ideas is a complex text or recording
- have natural conversations with a native speaker
- write a detailed text and a range of different subjects
CEFR Level C1:
- understand complex texts or conversations
- express complex ideas with little or no hesitation
- express yourself in professional, social or formal situations
- write formal and detailed texts on complex topics
CEFR Level C2:
- understand what you hear or read in almost any situation
- summarise information from different sources to create a clear presentation
- be precise in meaning in complex situations