Participle clauses are used to shorten sentences in order to say something more economically.
BASIC: Jim walked past the old school. He got to the shop.
PARTICLE CLAUSE: Walking past the old school, Jim got to the shop.
With regards to the IELTS test, participle clauses are very important as they help you demonstrate a range of grammar and are often considered more formal.
There are three common types of participle clause:
|Present participle (the +ing form)||Walking past the old school, Jim got to the shop.|
|Past participle (third form of the verb)||Founded in 1912, the club has a long history.|
|Perfect participle (having + third form)||Having finished their homework, the boys went out to play.|
The past participle clause is used in a passive form.