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English grammar lessons

From this page, you will find links to our grammar pages, with lessons, exercises and tips to help you improve your skills. The lessons on this page are all focused on grammar (including tenses), but if you are looking for grammar lessons at different levels, look at the CEFR pages.

Grammar for IELTS writing good sentences

Grammar for IELTS writing good sentences

Grammar for IELTS writing good sentences When writing in your IELTS test it is essential that you use a range of sentence structures, from simple to complex sentence forms. In ...
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CEFR Level C1 vocabulary: FLUCTUATE

CEFR Level C1 vocabulary: FLUCTUATE

CEFR Level C1 Vocabulary: FLUCTUATE This word is from CEFR Level C1 list 3 VOCABULARY: FLUCTUATE WORD FAMILY: verb MEANING: To rise and fall irregularly EXAMPLE: Exchange rates fluctuate every ...
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What’s my CEFR level?

What’s my CEFR level?

What’s my CEFR level? What’s my CEFR level? Well, the test below will tell you your current level based on the CEFR levels of A1 to C2, running from A1 ...
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present_continuous

TENSES: The present continuous

This is also known as the present progressive In English grammar, the present continuous is used to talk about something that is happening now or around now. Here are some ...
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irregular_verbs_list

GRAMMAR: Irregular verbs list

Irregular verbs, as the name suggests, don't follow a pattern. You simply need to learn them. In this lesson you will find an irregular verbs list. We suggest you try ...
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The past continuous tense

TENSES: The past continuous

The past continuous is also known as the past progressive tense. Example: He was washing his hands when the phone rang. We were singing and they were dancing all night ...
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GRAMMAR: Relative clauses - defining and non defining

GRAMMAR: Relative clauses – defining and non defining

Parts of a sentence that identify people, things or add some additional information are called relative clauses. They often begin with either a question word (who, what, where, which etc) ...
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countable_and_uncountable_nouns

GRAMMAR: Countable and uncountable nouns Level A2

The English language has different rules about countable and uncountable nouns than some other languages. Basic rules about countable and uncountable nouns are - A countable noun can be counted ...
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present perfect simple

TENSES: The present perfect simple

Present perfect simple tense examples: I have cleaned my shoes. He has gone to America. I have travelled through Asia, but I haven't been to Africa. Uses of the present ...
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Grammar for IELTS parts of speech

GRAMMAR: Parts of speech

In order to improve your English skills, both for speaking and writing, it is important to be aware of the 'parts' of speech that create sentences in English. It is ...
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prepositions_of_time

GRAMMAR: Prepositions of time Level A1

Prepositions of time (like all prepositions) can be one of the hardest parts of English to use correctly. This is because the rules are often quite difficult and there are ...
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Prepositions_of_place

GRAMMAR: Prepositions of place Level A1

Prepositions of place (like all prepositions) can be one of the hardest parts of English to use correctly because the rules are often quite difficult and there are lots of ...
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GRAMMAR: Inversion

GRAMMAR: Inversion

To emphasise a particular part of a sentence, or to make your writing more literary (such as in a poem or novel), you can invert the traditional order of a ...
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participle-clauses-exercises

GRAMMAR: Participle clauses – EXERCISES

Before attempting these exercises, we recommend you take a look at the introductory lesson first. Click here to read the lesson. Re-write the following into a single sentence using a ...
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Grammar for IELTS Participle clauses

GRAMMAR: Participle clauses

GRAMMAR: Participle clauses Participle clauses are used in some tenses, but they also have another use - they can combine information into one sentence. Participle clauses often express condition, reason, ...
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passive voice exercises

GRAMMAR: The passive voice – EXERCISES

Have you read the information page on the passive voice? Click here to read it before you try the passive voice exercises. Remember to register to get email updates. Complete ...
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passive_voice

GRAMMAR: The passive voice

The passive voice is a grammar form that can be used instead of writing active sentences. Before we look at the passive voice, think about how you form an active ...
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subjunctive

GRAMMAR: The subjunctive

The subjunctive is a grammar form that has no plural form or past form. It is generally used when something is considered important or desirable. It is part of a ...
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dependent prepositions exercises

GRAMMAR: Dependent prepositions – EXERCISES

Have you read the information page on dependent prepositions? Click here to read it before you try the dependent prepositions exercises. Remember to register to get email updates. Complete the ...
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dependent prepositions

GRAMMAR: Dependent prepositions

Certain verbs, adjectives and nouns naturally take certain prepositions when placed in a sentence - these are called dependent prepositions. For example, you can object to (something), participate in (something), ...
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reported speech

GRAMMAR: Reported speech

Reported speech, also called indirect speech, is what happens when we are telling someone about what another person said. Here is an example of direct and reported speech: Direct speech: ...
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reported speech exercises

GRAMMAR: Reported speech – EXERCISES

Have you read the information page on reported speech? Click here to read it before you try the reported speech exercises. Remember to register to get email updates. Complete the ...
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GRAMMAR: Gerunds and infinitives - EXERCISES

GRAMMAR: Gerunds and infinitives – EXERCISES

Have you read the information page on gerunds and infinitives? Click here to read it before you try the gerunds and infinitives exercises. Remember to register to get email updates ...
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gerunds and infinitives

GRAMMAR: Gerunds and infinitives

Gerunds and infinitives and when to use each form can be confusing. When there are two main verbs in a sentence, the second verb must be either a gerund (+ing) ...
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causative verbs exercises

GRAMMAR: Causative verbs – EXERCISES

Causative verbs exercises Have you read the information page on causative verbs? Click here to read it before you try the causative verbs exercises. Remember to register to get email ...
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Causative verbs

GRAMMAR: Causative verbs

Causative verbs, as the name suggests, are used when we want to talk about somebody causing something to take place but not actually performing the action. In sentences including causative ...
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Grammar for IELTS Articles exercises

GRAMMAR: Using articles correctly in English (a, an, the and Ø) — EXERCISES

Have you read the information pages on articles? Click here to read it before you try the articles exercises. Remember to register to get email updates. Complete the articles exercises ...
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Superlative adjectives

GRAMMAR: Superlative adjectives

We use superlative adjectives when we are comparing one adjective against more than one other adjective. Examples of superlative adjectives: Of all animals, the cheetah is the fastest. Some people ...
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IELTS grammar: conditional sentences exercises

GRAMMAR: Conditional sentences – EXERCISES

Have you read the information page on conditional sentences? Click here to read it before you try the conditional sentences exercises. Remember to register to get email updates. Complete the ...
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prepositions of place exercises

GRAMMAR: Prepositions of place Level A1 – EXERCISES

Have you read the information pages on prepositions of place? Click here and here to read them before you try the prepositions of place exercises. Remember to register to get ...
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Grammar for IELTS Prepositions of time exercises

GRAMMAR: Prepositions of time Level A1 – EXERCISES

Have you read the information pages on prepositions of time? Click here and here to read them before you try the prepositions of time exercises. Remember to register to get ...
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Punctuation exercises for IELTS

WRITING: Understanding punctuation in English – EXERCISES

Have you read the information page on punctuation? Click here to read it before you try the punctuation exercises. Remember to register to get email updates. Complete the punctuation exercises ...
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Grammar for IELTS Countable nouns exercises

GRAMMAR: Countable and uncountable nouns Level A2 – EXERCISES

Have you read the information page on countable and uncountable nouns? Click here to read it before you try the countable and uncountable noun exercises. Remember to register to get ...
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Grammar for IELTS Parts of speech exercises

GRAMMAR: Parts of speech – EXERCISES

Have you read the information page on the parts of speech? Click here to read it before you try the parts of speech exercises. Remember to register to get email ...
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Grammar for IELTS Past perfect exercises

GRAMMAR: The past perfect – EXERCISES

Have you read the information page on the past perfect simple and continuous tenses? Click here to read it before you try the past perfect simple and continuous exercises. Remember ...
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future simple exercises

TENSES: The future simple – EXERCISES

Have you read the information page on the future simple tense (will / be going to)? Click here to read it before you try the future simple exercises. Remember to ...
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present continuous exercises

TENSES: The present continuous – EXERCISES

Have you read the information page on the present continuous? Click here to read it before you try the present continuous exercises. Remember to register to get email updates. Complete ...
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present simple exercises

TENSES: The present simple – EXERCISES

Have you read the information page on the present simple? Click here to read it before you try the present simple exercises. Remember to register to get email updates. Complete ...
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Punctuation in IELTS writing

WRITING: Understanding punctuation in English

One of the categories the examiner will be looking for when assessing your writing is your accuracy with punctuation, and the correct use of more accurate punctuation like semi colons ...
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stative_and_dynamic_verbs

GRAMMAR: Stative and dynamic verbs

Verbs can be divided into two types: stative and dynamic verbs. Stative verbs are also known as state verbs and dynamic verbs are also know as action verbs. Do you ...
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IELTS grammar: conditional sentences

GRAMMAR: Conditional sentences

Conditional sentences are 'if' sentences. There are five types of conditional sentences: zero conditional sentences first conditional sentences second conditional sentences third conditional sentences mixed conditional sentences *Mixed conditionals are ...
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so_and_such

COMMONLY CONFUSED WORDS: SO and SUCH

'So' and 'such' are often used incorrectly in English. Both so and such are used to 'give emphasis' - this means to show that something is 'extreme' or 'more than' ...
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direct-and-indirect-questions

SPEAKING: Direct and indirect questions

When asking for information in English you can use direct and indirect questions. There are differences in sentence structure and levels of politeness and formality. In English, a basic question ...
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past_perfect_simple_and_continuous

TENSES: The past perfect

Past perfect simple and continuous are used to talk about an 'earlier' past when you are also talking about another (more recent) past situation. In general terms, while both past ...
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Advanced Countable and uncountable nouns

GRAMMAR: Advanced countable and uncountable nouns

Advanced Countable and uncountable nouns Sometimes nouns can act as both countable and uncountable nouns (often with a slight difference in meaning). This can make learning the rules even more ...
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make _uncountable_nouns_countable

GRAMMAR: Make uncountable nouns countable

Nouns can be split into two different groups - countable and uncountable. (see Countable and uncountable nouns for more information) Countable nouns, as the name suggests, can be counted. For ...
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prepositions-of-time

GRAMMAR: Prepositions of time (Level B1)

Prepositions of time (and all types of prepositions) can be one of the hardest parts of English to use correctly because the rules are often quite difficult, and like most ...
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prepositions_of_place_2

GRAMMAR: Prepositions of place(Level B1)

Prepositions of place (and all prepositions) can be one of the hardest parts of English to use correctly because the rules are often quite difficult, and like most rules for ...
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transitive_and_intransitive_verbs

GRAMMAR: Transitive and intransitive verbs

Transitive and intransitive verbs have different rules when you use them to make sentences. Read the two sentences that follow. They contain examples of transitive and intransitive verbs. Do you ...
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present_perfect_continuous

GRAMMAR: The present perfect continuous

Present perfect tenses are used to talk about situations that connect the past to now. Present perfect continuous is formed using: have / has + been + [verb] + ing ...
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future-simple-tense

TENSES: The future simple

The future simple tense is will and be going to The future simple tense has two forms in English - 'will' and '(be) going to'. When you use the future ...
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question_tags

SPEAKING: Using question tags

Question tags (also called tag questions) are common structures used in spoken English. An example of a question tag is: 'You like studying English, don't you?' The first part of ...
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modal_verbs

GRAMMAR: Modal auxiliary verbs

Modal verbs (also called modal auxiliary verbs, or modals) are used with the infinitive form of the main verb (minus -to) to add additional layers of meaning to a sentence ...
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past_simple

TENSES: The past simple

In English grammar, the past simple is used to talk about finished events or actions in the past. Here are some example sentences including regular past simple verbs: I worked ...
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the_present_simple

TENSES: The present simple

In English grammar, the present simple is used to talk about habits and routines. Here is an example of the present simple in a sentence: I work on weekdays. The ...
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