Transitive and intransitive verbs

Transitive and intransitive verbs have different rules when you use them to make sentences. 1. The boss surprised his workteam.  TRANSITIVE VERB 2. The boss smiled. INTRANSITIVE VERB Transitive verbs A transitive verb needs a direct object to make a complete sentence. For example: She likes. (Incorrect) She likes ice cream. (Correct) I have invited. … Read more

Past perfect simple and continuous

Past perfect simple and continuous are used to talk about an ‘earlier’ past when you are also talking about another (more recent) past situation. In general terms, while both past perfect simple and continuous actions are finished, past perfect simple emphasises the ‘completion’ of the action and past perfect continuous emphasises the ‘length’ of that … Read more

Video: apostrophes – rule 2

Narration: The second rule of the apostrophe is to show that letters are missing to create contractions. For example: He could’ve helped but he didn’t want to. Be aware that this style of using the apostrophe is not suitable for your IELTS test. It is only used in informal writing.

Video: apostrophes – rule 1

Narration: An apostrophe. The first rule for using an apostrophe is to show possession, belonging or attachment. For example: As a child, if I had done anything wrong at school I would have been sent to the Principal’s office. That is, the office belonging to the Principal. Be aware that when the apostrophe follows an … Read more

Video: colons – rule 2

Narration: A colon is also used for when what follows proves or explains what is referred to before. For example: In most countries, governments have made a firm decision: they will no longer tolerate people who drive after they have been drinking.

Video: colons – rule 1

Narration: A colon. The first rule for using a colon is when it acts as an introduction to the information that follows. This information is often in a list format. For example: The government has three main responsibilities: to protect citizens, to maintain order, and to implement new laws. However, you need a complete clause … Read more

Video: semi colons – rule 2

Narration: The second rule for using a semi-colon is to separate items in a list when there is already punctuation. For example: There are a number of cities that already suffer from the problems of overcrowding, such as Mexico City, Mexico; Dhaka, Pakistan; and Lagos, Nigeria. Because there are commas between the city and the … Read more

Video: semi colons – rule 1

Narration: A semi-colon. We saw that when combining two sentences using for, and, nor, but, or, yet, or so we use a comma. However, when combining two sentences into one but NOT using these words, we use a semi colon. For example; An increasing number of students are attending university; therefore not all graduates will … Read more

Direct and indirect questions

When asking for information in English you can use direct and indirect questions. There are differences in sentence structure and levels of politeness and formality. In English, a basic question can be formed using either an auxiliary verb or a question word. For example: Does he like swimming? (Auxiliary verb) Where is the library? (Question … Read more

Using commas exercise

Right , let’s see how you get on with this quick test! Click the link below to begin.